Under the theme, “Africa’s Advantage: Taking Advantage of Africa’s Upstream Opportunities,” panelists included O. A. Danquah, CEO of Ghana National Petroleum Corporation, Eng. Bernard Amuor Makeny, CEO of NilePet, and Matthew Rawlings, Vice President of Upstream Consulting for S&P Global Commodity Insights, with Geoffrey Warr, Consulting Sales Director responsible for Europe, Middle East and Africa for S&P Global Commodity Insights, serving as moderator.
Africa continues to hold resource-rich basins with billions of untapped proven oil and gas reserves, with exploration hotspots cropping up across southern, eastern and western regions. Sizable hydrocarbon discoveries offshore Angola, Ivory Coast and Namibia in 2022 alone – coupled with proactive regulatory reforms – provide the continent with unparalleled opportunities for upstream growth and development.
“Two-thirds of oil resources are exported out of Africa. As governments, we need to be able to come together and ensure that our resources are being used for African development. Our strategic advantage is that we have a lot of supply and a lot of potential demand, so our resources can never be locked,” commented O. A. Danquah, CEO of Ghana National Petroleum Corporation.
At least 26 drilling campaigns and rigs are expected in Africa in 2023, cementing the continent’s upstream revival. Southern Africa alone will see additional exploration activities in Zimbabwe’s Muzarabani prospect from Invictus Energy, drilling in offshore Block 2B in South Africa by Eco (Atlantic) Oil & Gas, and frontier exploration in Namibia’s Kavango Basin led by ReconAfrica.
Meanwhile, mature producers like Angola, Nigeria and South Sudan are expected to dominate Africa’s offshore drilling market, while prioritizing shorter-cycle development projects that utilize existing infrastructure and create synergies with regional markets. Shorter-cycle projects can bring a discovery into production in as little as one to three years, as well as offer lower risk, higher potential for commercial production and heightened flexibility within exploration portfolios.
“South Sudan is almost the third-largest oil producer in Africa. The advantage we are trying to take now, given the current crisis in Ukraine, is to maximize African participation in the upstream business. Our daily production is around 160,000-170,000 barrels per day (bpd). Kenya is not producing yet. Uganda is not producing yet. The question then becomes: how do I engage my neighbors to benefit from the products that come out of South Sudan?” stated Bernard Makeny, CEO of NilePet.
One key to attracting exploration capital will be re-evaluating the terms and conditions of E&P contracts and other fiscal and regulatory amendments. According to the panel, African governments must play their part in creating attractive programs for exploration and production and establishing mechanisms for raising capital.
“Most of the funds that come into Africa are from the Global North and Asia,” said O. A. Danqua. “At least 85% of funds invested in oil and gas come from outside of Africa. So, there is a clear perception that African governments are not putting their money into Africa. We need investment, yet external investment is slowing down to ESG requirements and the energy transition.”